Cell diagram: Human cell as most other animal cells make up the structure of the body. Cell diagram below is representative of a typical human cell responsible for carrying out various bodily functions and processing nutrients into energy used to sustain itself. The diagram shows the following elements: nucleus, membrane, ribosomes, lysosome, cytoplasm and others. Now lets explain what each of the cell parts is responsible for.
Cytoplasm is a part of the cell filled with cytosol liquid surrounding the nucleus. The nucleus is the center of the cell and acts as its control unit responsible for cell growth, division and maturity. Nuclear envelope is the membrane that surrounds the nucleus protecting the DNA from the rest of the cell.
The outside of the cell is protected by the plasma membrane. This membrane allows for passing of the nutrients and waste. An organ that ensures energy from nutrients can be consumed by the cell is called Mitochondria. The Golgi apparatus ensures molecules processed by the endoplasmic reticulum can be passed through the cell.
Peroxisomes and Lysosomes are responsible fore recycling of the worn-out cell parts while also breaking down bacteria and toxins. The cell diagram below lists various cell parts.
Circulatory System is responsible for delivering oxygen, water and nutrients to various body systems and cells while also transporting waste away (e.g. carbon dioxide). The circulatory system consists of the heart, blood vessels such as aorta, vein, ventricle, capillaries and blood itself.
The heart is essentially a muscle that pumps blood ensuring its movement throughout the body. The heart is located a bit to the left from the center of one’s chest. Well functioning circulatory system depends on a health heart, which in turn is dependent on regular exercises, healthy eating and not smoking.
The blood vessels carry blood throughout the body. The blood flows away from the heart through arteries. Arteries carry blood high in oxygen content. Veins on the other hand carry blood towards the heart. Capillaries are small blood vessels that connect arteries to veins. Nutrients, oxygen, water and carbon dioxide pass through the capillary walls.
The blood is the red substance that transports all the above throughout the body cells. The blood consists of red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets and plasma. Red blood cells carry oxygen from the lungs towards body cells and deliver carbon dioxide back. Carbon dioxide is than exhaled from the lungs. White blood cells help the body fight infections by destroying germs. Platelets are cells that stop bleeding by forming a natural seal to the damaged blood vessel. The red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets are formed by the bone marrow, which is a soft tissue in the bones. Plasma is the liquid part of the blood, produced in the liver, which makes about half of the blood content. All the above make up the circulatory system presented below:
Hyperloop diagram – The hyperloop diagram displays the fundamentals of this new transportation technology. Is Hyper loop the transportation of the future over long distances? This may well be the case given its potential. Elon Musk played a key role in invention of the hyperloop concept.
Hyperloop’s key components are as follows the capsule, compressor, vacuum tube, propulsion, air bearings and the actual payload. Compressor is a giant fan on the front of the capsule and is what makes the hyperloop possible, transferring huge volumes of air away from the nose. Without it, the pod would be pushing all the air in front of it, which would make it a lot more expensive including the need to develop a bigger tube.
Speaking of the vacuum tube, capsule will travel in a near vacuum to reduce drag significantly. Valves and pumps will keep internal air pressure at about 100 Pascals or one-thousandth the air pressure at sea level. Nitrogen could be injected into the tube as well.
Propulsion: the Hyperloop capsule speeds along a magnetic river propelled by linear induction motors spaced along the tube or installed as a continuous strip. Linear induction, used on maglev trains has no moving parts and low maintenance costs.
Air bearings – the capsule will use cushion of air pumped from the bottom of lunch-tray-size sleds. Landing gear may need to be deployed as it comes to a stop.
Hyperloop payload will be a capsule of about 70 feet long, big enough to hold standard 40 foot container. The capsule could accelerate from 0 to 750 mph in less than 60 seconds.